The UK is the fourth largest economy in the world, with a gross domestic product (GDP) of US $1.93 trillion. It has the second largest economy in Europe (after Germany). The capital, London, is one of the two largest financial centre’s in the world, along with New York City. The UK economy is one of the strongest in Europe; inflation, interest rates, and unemployment remain low. The official currency in England is the pound sterling, also known as the GBP. The economy of England is the largest part of the economy, which has the 18th highest GDP PPP per capita in the world
- Full name : United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
- Population : 61.6 million (UN, 2009)
- Capital : London
- Area : 242,514 sq km (93,638 sq miles)
- Major language : English
- Major religion : Christianity
- Life expectancy : 77 years (men), 82 years (women) (UN)
- Monetary unit : 1 pound sterling = 100 pence
- Main exports : Manufactured goods, chemicals, foodstuffs
- GNI per capita : US $45,390 (World Bank, 2008)
- Internet domain : uk
- International dialing code : > +44
Main industries in UK are banking and finance, steel, transport equipment, oil and gas, and tourism
Other Industries : Machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, and other consumer goods.
Farming (Agriculture) : Cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables, cattle, sheep, poultry, fish. Agriculture is intensive, highly mechanized, and efficient by European standards, producing about 60% of food needs with only 1.4 % of the labour force. It contributes around 0.5% of GDP. Around two thirds of production is devoted to livestock, one third to arable crops. The lowlands support some farming such as wheat, potatoes and vegetables. Dairy and sheep farming are common in the hilly pastures.
Energy : The UK has large coal, natural gas, and oil reserves; primary energy production accounts for 10% of GDP, one of the highest shares of any industrial nation.
Services : Services, particularly banking, insurance, and business services, account by far for the largest proportion of GDP.
To come to the UK as a student you will have to produce the following documents
- Authorized Representative
- A passport
- A letter of unconditional acceptance for a full-time course
- Evidence of your ability to meet, without working in the UK, the costs of your course, accommodation and maintenance and to support any dependants accompanying you.
Student visas are normally granted for an initial period of one year, usually determined by the length of the course to be studied.
When you arrive in the UK, an immigration officer may question you, so take all relevant documents in your hand luggage. You may take part-time or holiday work but you must not:
- Work for more than 20 hours per week during term time unless your placement is part of your studies, has the agreement of your education institution and leads to a degree or qualification awarded by a nationally recognised examining body
- Do business, be self-employed or provide services as a professional sportsperson or entertainer
- Work full-time in a permanent job